Lepenski Vir archaeological site


It is the Cradle of Europe

Dates from around 9,000 years ago

Lepenski Vir is one of the most significant archaeological sites in Serbia. It is the Cradle of Europe and lies on the banks of the Danube, and represents the highest reach of the Mesolithic age. The culture of Lepenski Vir dates from around 9,000 years ago. In this location, people had been living for around 2,000 years in trapezoid shaped houses with fireplaces, small alters and sculptures were arrayed, made of round rocks and representing human figures. Initially just the heads were sculpted but in the later phase, the sculptures took on the appearance of full human figures and became idols. They were most often given fishlike human heads with large eyes, with fish or deer motifs, with some intriguing inscriptions on them: symbols resembling the coordinate system, sketches, letters, numbers and landscapes.

Lepenski Vir was the settlement of first Danubean settled farmers who were “the Children of the Sun” and lived just opposite of the Treskavac stone summit /of trapezoid shape/. Lepenski Vir is nowadays famous for fantastically Mesolithic buildings preserved and intricate sandstone sculptures found.

Lepenski Vir was declared Monument of Culture of Exceptional Importance in 1979, and it is protected by Republic of Serbia. In Lepenski Vir open-air Archaeological Site fine examples of jewellery and tools made of bone and stone, tablets with curved letter-like symbols /abstract arabesques/ can be found. Those objects and carved symbols are considered to be probably the basic Mankind Alphabet /Vincha alphabet/.