Culture

Contemporary Serbia follows world’s standard, yet with great respect to its national legacy.

This is what makes Serbian destinations so wellcoming…

Earliest known settlements

History of these lands date back to the earliest known settlements. Because of it’s mild climate, rich soil and abundance of water, Serbian lands became the craddle of the oldest European civilisations. Explorations along Danube river banks led to revealing of the culture of Lepenski Vir, first organised settlement dating from Age of Neolith. Not so far from it, archaeologists have discovered culture of Starčevo, which was a direct rival to Lepenski Vir.

Culture of Vinča, which remnants lie not far from Belgrade, is considered the most prominent culture of the Bronze Age. It is considered to be a base for further development of Illyric and Tribal cultures.

Ancient marks

Thanks to it’s position at the crossroad between Europe and Middle East, many civilisations left their mark here during the ancient times. Certainly, one of the most respected marks belongs to the Roman Empire.

Serbia is a motherland of 17 Roman Emperors, and hundreds of Roman generals. Today, long forgotten city of Viminacium reveals the full respect of magic among Romans; royal palaces in town of Sremska Mitrovica reveal that its predecessor – town of Sirmium – was one of four Roman capitals; Imperial Palace near town of Zaječar – Felix Romuliana – is proud to be home of Gaius Valerius Maximianus Galerius, one of the most respected Roman Emperors in history; and city of Niš is very proud of it’s citizen – Great Emperor and establisher of Christianity, Constantine the Great.

Medieval Serbian Kingdom

Medieval Serbian Kingdom brought prosperity to these lands both in economic and cultural view. Thanks to close relations with Byzantine Empire to the East, Republic of Venice to the West and Hungarian Kingdom to the North, Serbian Kingdom was well respected as an intermediary between East and West.

After the fall of Serbian Kingdom under the Ottoman Empire, Serbian monasteries became guardians of Serbian legacy and national sense. During conflicts between Serbian rebels and Ottoman army, monasteries became the refuge for mass. Unfortunately, due to frequent fights during the ages, many monasteries were sacked and destroyed, with all of their possessions. Nowadays, many of these sanctuaries are being renovated under the supervision of UNESCO.

Modern Serbian state

Modern 19th century Serbian state brought Serbia back to Europe. Serbian intellectual elite came back and made renaissance among their citizens, giving new perspectives and formidable artists to European rich cultural specter.

However, the most significant change happened in Serbian alphabet, which has been reformed by Vuk Stefanović Karadžić so every sound responds to one letter, making Serbian alphabet the simplest one in the world.

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